The first years of life are important for the vision development. That’s why the early detection of visual defects is essential to prevent later optical problems. Apart from malformations, the most frequent visual disorders in childhood are refractive errors (the need of wearing glasses) and strabismus. In both cases the child may not complain of not seeing properly. This test is aimed to help you to find it out by yourself.

Please answer the following questions putting a tick in the most suitable box to your reply.

Yes No
Have you observed if your child has a squint in one eye even if it is slight?
Have you noticed if your child always winks the same eye while being in the street?
Does he turn his head sideward when he pays attention to something?
Put your hand over one eye first and then over the other. Do you notice any difference when recognising an object?
Does he get very close to the T.V. or to the sheet of paper when he draws?
Does he put his eyes half-closed when he watches at far-away objects?
Does he blink frequently?
Is he getting headaches in the evenings?
Does he have red eyes very often?
Does he have eyelash desquamation or sties frequently?

Affirmative answers to questions 1, 2 and 3.

If this happens after the age of six months it is quite probable that your child has a strabismus problem. Don’t neglect this disorder however little might be. Vitamins and time won’t solve it.

Affirmative answer to question 4

Your child has some visual defect in one of his eyes (lazy eye). You must take him to the ophthalmologist’s as soon as possible.

Affirmative answer to question 5

All children have a tendency to get close to the T.V. or to their drawings. This particular fact, without any other symptom doesn’t entail a vision problem.

Affirmative answers to questions 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10

Usually, a child complains of not seeing properly when there exists a serious refractive error. If he doesn’t, and after your findings you have answered YES to all, or at least to two, of the questions from this section, it is advisable that your child is seen by an ophthalmologist who will tell you about the necessary treatment.